- Barry Kernfeld
Lincoln, Abbey (6 Aug. 1930–14 Aug. 2010), jazz singer and songwriter, and actress, was born Anna Marie Wooldridge in Chicago, the daughter of Alexander Wooldridge, a handyman, and Evelyn Coffey. They settled in Calvin Center, Michigan when Wooldridge, the tenth of twelve children, was four years old. The family was poor when her father was contributing; they lived in deep poverty after her parents separated, the year unknown. In Calvin Center Wooldridge attended a one-room school and the African Methodist Episcopal Church, where she became immersed in gospel music. Despite poverty, there was a piano at home. She picked out melodies at the keyboard and sang, but had no formal training in music....