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date: 16 December 2019

Dumont, Gabriellocked

(03 December 1837–19 May 1906)
  • Dennis Wepman

Extract

Dumont, Gabriel (03 December 1837–19 May 1906), Métis leader and resistance fighter, was born at St. Boniface, in the Red River settlement in what is now Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, the son of tribal leader and buffalo hunter Isidore Dumont and grandson of the French-Canadian fur trader Jean-Baptiste Dumont, and Louise Laframboise. The Métis, classified with the First Nations and the Inuit as one of the three officially recognized aboriginal peoples of Canada, are persons of mixed Native-American and European ancestry. Ranging over the prairies of western Canada, Montana, and the Dakotas, they were highly organized hunters of buffalo, whose hides and meat they used and sold. Although like most of his tribesmen Dumont never learned to read or write, he was fluent in French and at least six Native-American languages and at the age of fifteen participated with his father in establishing a treaty between the Métis and the Sioux. He was also a courageous fighter and had fought in the defense of a Métis encampment against a Sioux attack two years earlier. In 1858 he married Madeleine Wilkie (also recorded as Welkey and Wilke), the daughter of a Scottish-Métis leader and trader and his Indian wife; the couple had no children but adopted a son and a daughter....

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