- John Clendenning
Royce, Josiah (20 November 1855–14 September 1916), philosopher and man of letters, was born in Grass Valley, California, the son of Josiah Royce, Sr., a farmer and salesman, and Sarah Eleanor Bayliss ( Sarah Eleanor Bayliss Royce), a schoolteacher. His English-born parents came to the United States in early childhood. They were married in Rochester, New York, in 1845 and joined the Gold Rush to California in 1849. After much wandering and repeated financial misadventures, the family moved to San Francisco in 1866, where the father became a fruit vendor. Noted for his evangelical piety and considered “a little cracked in the head,” the elder Royce often delivered impromptu sermons on street corners. Royce’s mother, although also “intensely ...