- Bruce L. Janoff
Kubrick, Stanley (26 July 1928–07 March 1999), film director, was born in New York City, the son of Jacques "Jack" Kubrick, a physician, and Gertrude Perveler. Because Kubrick was seen as a bright but extremely erratic student in the public schools of the Bronx, his father hoped to motivate the underachieving boy by buying him an expensive Graflex, a camera of professional quality. The concerned father also introduced Kubrick to his extensive personal library and taught him to play chess. The plan worked: the restless thirteen-year-old showed an instant affinity for photography, literature, and chess, and his early mastery of all three would be key in the realization of his skills as a movie director....