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date: 21 April 2021

Hardwick, Tobylocked

(31 May 1904–05 August 1970)
  • Barry Kernfeld


Hardwick, Toby (31 May 1904–05 August 1970), jazz alto saxophonist, was born Otto J. Hardwick in Washington, D.C. (His parents’ names and occupations are unknown.) A younger neighbor of Duke Ellington, Hardwick may have worked locally as a string bassist from as early as age fourteen. He attended Dunbar High School. Ellington got Hardwick started on C-melody saxophone around 1920, and his career followed Ellington’s: local jobs, many involving banjoist ...

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