Sullivan, Louis Henri
- Lauren S. Weingarden
Sullivan, Louis Henri (03 September 1856–14 April 1924), architect, was born Louis Henry Sullivan in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Patrick Sullivan, a dance instructor, and Adrienne List, a musician. Sullivan’s upbringing was shared by his parents and maternal grandparents, Henri and Anna Mattheus List. The family lived in Boston until 1861 when the Lists moved to South Reading (now Wakefield), north of Boston, where Louis attended grade school for one year. Owing to a series of failed business ventures in establishing a dance academy in Boston, Patrick Sullivan moved his family to the north shore town of Newburyport, Massachusetts, in the summer of 1863, and then to Halifax, Nova Scotia (Sept. 1863–Mar. 1864). In 1868 Louis’s parents moved to Chicago, leaving their youngest son with the Lists in Wakefield. From there Sullivan commuted to Boston to attend the Rice Grammar School and then the English High School....