- Ellen G. Landau
Pollock, Jackson (28 January 1912–11 August 1956), abstract expressionist painter, was born Paul Jackson Pollock in Cody, Wyoming, the son of LeRoy Pollock, a farmer, surveyor, and stonemason, and Stella May McClure. Of Scotch Irish and German extraction, Pollock (known as Jack in his youth) was the fifth and youngest son. His childhood was marred by his father’s long absences, the family’s poverty, and frequent moves back and forth from Arizona to California, as well as his mother’s simultaneously smothering and repressive treatment of him. A genetic predisposition to restiveness, depression, and alcoholism turned Pollock into a painfully insecure, irresponsible, and mentally conflicted young man, unsure of himself in social situations and impaired in his ability to verbalize thoughts and emotions....