- Carol Eaton Soltis
Peale, Rembrandt (?22 Feb. 1778–04 October 1860), portrait and history painter, was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, the son of Charles Willson Peale, an artist and museum proprietor, and Rachel Brewer. Growing up in the politically and intellectually stimulating environment of late eighteenth-century Philadelphia, Peale’s precocious commitment to painting was signaled by an accomplished self-portrait painted at age thirteen and signed “Rembrandt Peale, 1791/Artist” (private collection). Hard working and quick to assimilate ideas, he was essentially self-taught, copying his father’s portraits and studying prints and European paintings in Philadelphia collections. In 1795 he contributed five portraits and a cityscape to the sole exhibition of America’s first artists’ organization, the Columbianum. This year also brought an opportunity to paint ...