Murphy, John Henry, Sr.
- James Phillip Jeter
Murphy, John Henry, Sr. (25 December 1840–05 April 1922), newspaper publisher, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the only son of Benjamin Murphy, Jr., a whitewasher, and Susan Coby. Murphy was born a slave. The Baltimore Afro-American, the newspaper he would guide to prominence during the first two decades of the twentieth century, described Murphy’s educational attainment as “limited.” A short man, he walked with a limp, the result of a childhood horseback riding incident that left one leg longer than the other. Freedom for the Murphys came via the Maryland Emancipation Act of 1863....