- Rita K. Gollin
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (04 July 1804–19 May 1864), author, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Hathorne, a ship’s captain, and Elizabeth Manning; both were descended from seventeenth-century English settlers. In 1808 Hawthorne’s father died of yellow fever in Surinam. His mother then took her son and his two sisters to live with her parents and eight unmarried siblings in the Mannings’ house on nearby Herbert Street. The stagecoach line her father had founded supported them all comfortably if not lavishly, and when Richard Manning died in 1813, his son Robert succeeded him as head of the family business and caretaker of his nephew and nieces....