Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from American National Biography. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 08 March 2021

Einstein, Albertlocked

(14 March 1879–18 April 1955)
  • Lewis Pyenson


Einstein, Albert (14 March 1879–18 April 1955), theoretical physicist, was born in Ulm, Germany, to Hermann Einstein and Pauline Koch, who had married in 1876. In 1880 the family moved to Munich. There Hermann ran various industrial concerns, eventually managing an electrical business in which his younger brother Jakob provided the technical direction. The two Einstein families lived together in a large house in a Munich suburb. Albert Einstein and his younger sister Maria (Maja) grew up surrounded by Jakob’s electrical innovations. Jakob also provided young Albert with science textbooks, notably a seminal exposition of Euclidean geometry. Einstein went to a local primary school and then attended the Luitpold Gymnasium, a progressive secondary school. He succeeded admirably in all his subjects. Following elementary school practice, he received lessons in Judaism, the registered religion of his free-thinking parents. His mother had him study violin privately, and the instrument provided him solace throughout his life....

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription