Bond, George Phillips
- Carlene E. Stephens
Bond, George Phillips (20 May 1825–17 February 1865), astronomer, was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, the son of William Cranch Bond, a clockmaker and astronomer, and Selina Cranch. A member of Harvard’s class of 1845, Bond became assistant astronomer at the school’s observatory, where his father was director, upon graduation. Using the Harvard College Observatory’s 15-inch refracting telescope, Bond and his father worked so closely together that they usually made joint announcements of their discoveries. He assisted his father with observations of Saturn, that resulted in the discovery of the planet’s satellite Hyperion in 1848 and, two years later, of the planet’s crepe ring. Now officially known as Ring C, this ring was also discovered independently in England by W. R. Dawes whose friend W. Lassell named it the “crepe ring.” Bond’s monograph on Donati’s Comet of 1858 (published in 1862), which included exceptional drawings by Bond, earned him international recognition. The most prestigious award for this work came in 1865, when the Royal Astronomical Society awarded him its gold medal, the first to go to an American....