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date: 29 March 2020

Kleitman, Nathaniellocked

(26 April 1895–13 August 1999)
  • Dennis Wepman

Extract

Kleitman, Nathaniel (26 April 1895–13 August 1999), physiologist and sleep researcher, was born in Kishinev, Russia, the capital of the province of Bessarabia (now Moldova). Although the city had one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe—43 percent of its population was Jewish in 1900—Kishinev was the site of the notorious anti-Semitic riots of 1903 and 1905. Kleitman's Jewish parents, whose names and occupations are not reported, moved to Palestine in 1912, where the seventeen-year-old Kleitman hoped to study medicine. He studied briefly at the Syrian Protestant College (now the American University of Beirut) in Lebanon before settling in Palestine. At the outbreak of World War I, fearing that as a Russian citizen he would be considered an enemy alien, he fled to Rhodes in 1915, where, according to his obituary in the ...

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