Meyer, Karl Friedrich
- Susan E. Lederer
Meyer, Karl Friedrich (19 May 1884–27 April 1974), pathologist, was born in Basel, Switzerland, the son of Theodor Meyer, a merchant, and Sophie Lichtenhahn. He attended universities in Basel, Zurich, Munich, and Bern, studying zoology, comparative anatomy, and veterinary medicine. At the recommendation of Paul Langerhans, Meyer began his thesis work on paratuberculosis infection in cattle under the direction of Wilhelm Kolle, a former pupil and assistant to microbiologist Robert Koch. When Meyer received his doctorate in 1909 in veterinary medicine from the University of Zurich, he followed Kolle’s advice about pursuing an academic career. Although Kolle could not find him a paid position in any of the Swiss universities, he was able to arrange an appointment for Meyer as a pathologist at a newly created institute for the study of animal infections in South Africa. A dispute with the institute’s director, Swiss veterinarian Arnold Theiler, prompted Meyer’s return to Switzerland in 1910. There he learned of a vacancy for an assistant professor of pathology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine....