Bowditch, Henry Pickering
- D. George Joseph
Bowditch, Henry Pickering (09 April 1840–13 March 1911), physiologist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Jonathan Ingersoll Bowditch, a successful Boston merchant, and Lucy Orne Nichols. Bowditch enjoyed a comfortable, cultured childhood in Boston and later in West Roxbury, where his family moved when he was thirteen. In preparation for college Bowditch attended a school organized by Epes S. Dixwell, graduating in 1857. After graduating from Harvard College in 1861, Bowditch matriculated at the Harvard-affiliated Lawrence Scientific School in Cambridge to study chemistry and natural history in preparation for a possible career in medicine. His studies were interrupted in November 1861 when he joined the First Massachusetts Cavalry as a second lieutenant. His unit engaged in a number of actions, including one at New Hope Church on 27 November 1863 where Bowditch was shot in the arm while leading a charge. Although honorably discharged in February 1864, he soon rejoined the army as a major in the Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry. He resigned his commission in June 1865 and returned to the Lawrence Scientific School, where he resumed studies of comparative anatomy under ...