Rockefeller, John D., Jr.
- Steven C. Wheatley
Rockefeller, John D., Jr. (29 January 1874–11 May 1960), philanthropist, was born John Davison Rockefeller, Jr., in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of John Davison Rockefeller, Sr., an industrialist, and Laura Celestia Spelman. Rockefeller was the third child born to his parents but the only son, the circumstance that defined his life and career. When Rockefeller was born, his father was already wealthy from the success of the Standard Oil Trust, and the boy was raised with the expectation that he would be his father’s successor in business and philanthropy. Rockefeller, Jr., spent most of his childhood in Cleveland until his family moved to New York in 1884. With Rockefeller, Sr., frequently absent, the dominant influence in the home was Laura Spelman Rockefeller, a pious woman who gave her youngest child tender attention and a strict sense of moral obligation....