Russell, Charles Taze
- David R. Bains
Russell, Charles Taze (16 February 1852–31 October 1916), founder of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, was born in Allegheny (now a part of Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, the son of Joseph Lytle Russell, a haberdasher, and Ann Eliza Birney. He joined his father in business at age eleven and three years later withdrew from public school. He was raised in a pious Scotch-Irish Presbyterian home, but doubts about eternal punishment and biblical authority caused him first to join a more liberal Congregational church and then briefly to leave the church altogether. In 1869 an Adventist minister restored his faith in the Scriptures, and Russell began to study the Bible with a small group, which a few years later chose him as its pastor....