Hill, A. P.
- James I. Robertson
Hill, A. P. (09 November 1825–02 April 1865), Confederate lieutenant general, was born Ambrose Powell Hill on the family estate near Culpeper, Virginia, the last of four sons of planter Thomas Hill and Fannie Russell Baptist. Privately tutored as a youth, Hill entered the U.S. Military Academy in 1842. A summer furlough at the end of his second year at West Point brought the tragedy of his life: Hill contracted gonorrhea. The disease did not run its normal course and disappear; instead, the gonorrhea bacteria lodged in the urinary tract and in the years to come would attack vital organs. The illness held Hill back a year at West Point. He graduated fifteenth in a class of thirty-eight cadets in 1847 and was assigned as a lieutenant in the First Artillery. Hill arrived in Mexico too late to see significant field action. For the next seven years his duty assignments alternated between Mexico and Florida. In 1855 Hill transferred to the U.S. Coastal Survey service in Washington. Hill and his former roommate, ...