Estaing, Comte d’
- Samuel F. Scott
Estaing, Comte d’ (24 November 1729–28 April 1794), French general and admiral, was born Jean-Baptiste-Charles-Henri-Hector d’Estaing in Ravel (now the department of the Puy-de-Dôme), France, the son of Charles-François, the marquis de Saillant and a lieutenant general, and Marie-Henriette Colbert de Maulevrier. Typical for adolescents of his social status, he served as an officer in the War of Austrian Succession (1740–1748), reaching the grade of colonel before his twentieth birthday. Early in the Seven Years’ War (1756–1763) he was promoted to brigadier and sent to India, where he served for most of that conflict. During the war he was wounded, captured twice, and reached the rank of lieutenant general (25 July 1762) at the age of thirty-two. Following its conclusion he served as governor of Saint-Dominique (Haiti) and became vice admiral in 1777....