Gaines, Edmund Pendleton
- John C. Fredriksen
Gaines, Edmund Pendleton (20 March 1777–06 June 1849), army officer, was born in Culpepper County, Virginia, the son of James Gaines and Elizabeth Strother. His father, a revolutionary war veteran, was a nephew of the noted jurist Edmund Pendleton. Gaines was raised in North Carolina and in Sullivan County, Tennessee, and in 1795, at the age of eighteen, he was elected lieutenant of a volunteer rifle company. Gaines joined the army as an ensign on 10 June 1797, rose to lieutenant on 3 March 1799, and was mustered out on 15 June 1800. He reentered the military as a second lieutenant, Fourth Infantry, on 16 February 1801 and spent three years surveying a road from Nashville to Natchez. Gaines transferred to the Second Infantry on 1 April 1802 and advanced to first lieutenant three weeks later. In 1804 he was billeted at Fort Stoddert (Alabama Territory) and within two years functioned as both commanding officer and collector of the port of Mobile. Gaines attracted national attention in February 1807 by arresting ...