Pastorius, Francis Daniel
- Marianne S. Wokeck
Pastorius, Francis Daniel (26 September 1651–30 December 1719?), founder of Germantown, Pennsylvania, and author, was born in Sommerhausen, Germany, the son of Melchior Adam Pastorius, a lawyer, and Magdalena Dietz Johenn. Francis Daniel Pastorius was educated in the manner conventional for a Continental gentleman. He attended Latin school and studied public law as well as French and Italian at the Universities of Altdorf, Strassburg, Basel, Jena, and Regensburg. After taking his examinations at the University of Altdorf and defending his dissertation in 1676, he practiced law among the landed gentry of Windsheim, Germany. The experience proved unsatisfying for the young lawyer, who was sensitive to the tensions that existed between the ordinary citizens of Windsheim, who longed for more consideration of their concerns, and the government of that imperial city, in which his father was one of the leading magistrates. In reaction, Francis Daniel Pastorius in 1679 moved to Frankfurt am Main, Germany, where he practiced and tutored law before accompanying a young nobleman on his grand tour through the Netherlands, England, France, Switzerland, and Germany from 1680 to 1682....