- Cynthia A. Kierner
Livingston, Philip (15 January 1716–12 June 1778), merchant and political leader, was born in Albany, New York, the son of Philip Livingston, a merchant and proprietor of “Livingston Manor,” and Catrina Van Brugh. Livingston enjoyed the benefits of membership in one of New York’s leading families. At a time when most Americans lacked formal education, four of six surviving Livingston brothers earned Yale degrees. Upon graduation in 1737, Philip Livingston returned to Albany to serve a mercantile apprenticeship with his father. Livingston learned the Albany trade and, through his father’s efforts, obtained potentially valuable clerkships in Albany’s local government. In 1740 he married Christina Ten Broeck, daughter of Colonel Dirck Ten Broeck, mayor of Albany. They had nine children, of whom eight survived infancy....