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Avery, Samuel Putnam (17 March 1822–11 August 1904), wood engraver, art dealer, and rare book and print collector, was born in New York City, the son of Samuel Avery and Hannah Parke. His father, variously listed as a shoe maker and a leather merchant, died of cholera in 1832. Through an apprenticeship in a bank-note company, Avery was able to learn the essentials of the wood-engraving trade. Officially recorded as an engraver in the 1842 New York City directory, he earned a living by engraving labels and making handbills for local merchants. At the same time he began a long involvement with the publishing trade, working for periodicals such as ...

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Daniel, Charles (11 August 1879–14 May 1971), art collector and gallery owner, was born in New York City, the middle of nine children. His father (whose name is unknown) was a coal miner in Germany before emigrating to the United States. In 1868 he met and married Daniel’s mother, and together they opened a German restaurant in what is now Manhattan’s Chelsea district. Daniel completed high school and went to work at his parents’ restaurant until approximately 1900, when he opened a place of his own with his brother George. Located on the corner of 9th Avenue and 42d Street, the Daniel Saloon became a regular meeting place for young painters such as Glenn O. Coleman (whose family had a printing shop nearby), Max Kuehne, and Ernest Lawson. Through these artists, Daniel began to learn about contemporary painting, to visit the local exhibitions, and, eventually, to collect works of art. In 1910 Daniel visited ...

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Janis, Sidney (08 July 1896–23 November 1989), art dealer and collector, was born in Buffalo, New York, the son of Isaac Janis, a clothing salesman and champion roller skater, and Celia Cohn. After attending elementary and vocational school in Buffalo, Janis performed on the Gus Sun Time vaudeville circuit. Working as a ballroom dancer, he demonstrated new dances such as the hesitation waltz, the one step, and others. In 1917 he joined the U.S. Naval Air Force and was sent to the Aeronautical College at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station in Waukegan, Illinois, to study mechanics....

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Sullivan, Mary Quinn (24 November 1877–05 December 1939), art teacher, collector, and dealer, was born Mary Josephine Quinn in Indianapolis, Indiana, the daughter of Thomas F. Quinn, a firefighter, and Anne E. Gleason. Her father’s parents were settlers from Ireland. The eldest child in her large family, she spent her early years on a farm in West Indianapolis until the family moved to Indianapolis. Although she was raised a Roman Catholic, her parents sent her to Shortridge High, a public high school, where she studied art. In 1899 she enrolled, with a scholarship, at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York, registering for courses in composition, psychology, perspective, still life, and mechanical drawing. In 1901 she both completed her course work in art education and accepted a job in Queens as an instructor in drawing. Sent by the board of education to observe art schools in Europe, she visited Germany, Belgium, and England. In 1902 she traveled to France and Italy and first became aware of impressionist and postimpressionist painting....