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Gatch, Philip (1751-1834), Methodist preacher and abolitionist  

Arthur Dicken Thomas

Gatch, Philip (02 March 1751–28 December 1834), Methodist preacher and abolitionist, was born in Baltimore County, Maryland, the son of Conduce Gatch, a Prussian immigrant, and Presocia Burgin, farmers. He received religious instruction at St. Paul’s Anglican church in Baltimore and formal education at a neighborhood school. In January 1772 Gatch first encountered Methodism when he heard Nathan Perigo preach. On 26 April 1772 Gatch underwent religious conversion at a Methodist neighborhood prayer meeting, and that summer he experienced entire sanctification—a term for John Wesley’s teaching on the experience of “Christian perfection” or “perfect love,” which Wesley believed to be obtainable in this life. He first preached at the Evans Meeting House in Baltimore County in July 1773. Thomas Rankin examined Gatch according to Wesley’s ...


Haven, Gilbert (1821-1880), Methodist bishop, editor, and abolitionist  

William B. Gravely

Haven, Gilbert (19 September 1821–03 January 1880), Methodist bishop, editor, and abolitionist, was born in Malden, Massachusetts, the son of “Squire” Gilbert Haven, a bookkeeper and clerk, and Hannah Burrill. Young Gilbert attended local schools and then Wesleyan Academy in Wilbraham, Massachusetts, for two terms in 1839. After he worked in Boston in clothing and carpet businesses, he did another term at Wilbraham to prepare for entering Wesleyan University in 1842....


Lee, Luther (1800-1889), religious reformer  

Douglas M. Strong

Lee, Luther (30 November 1800–13 December 1889), religious reformer, was born in Schoharie, New York, the son of Samuel Lee and Hannah Williams, pioneer farmers. His father was a revolutionary war veteran, and his mother was raised in the home of Joseph Bellamy...


Loguen, Jermain Wesley (1813-1872), bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion church and abolitionist  

Milton C. Sernett

Loguen, Jermain Wesley (1813–30 September 1872), bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion church and abolitionist, was born Jarm Logue in Davidson County, Tennessee, the son of a slave mother, Cherry, and white slaveholder, David Logue. After David Logue sold his sister and mother to a brutal master, Jarm escaped through Kentucky and southern Indiana, aided by Quakers, and reached Hamilton, Upper Canada, about 1835. He tried his hand at farming, learned to read at the age of twenty-three, and worked as a hotel porter and lumberjack. It was in Canada that he added an ...


Cover Loguen, Jermain Wesley (1813-1872)
Jermain Wesley Loguen. Engraving on paper, 1859, by De Lay Glover. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.


Cover Lumry, Rufus (1799/1800–21 June 1862)

Lumry, Rufus (1799/1800–21 June 1862)  

Maker: H.W. Immke


Portrait of Rufus Lumry, by H.W Immke

Photograph by H.W. Immke, Bureau County Historical Society Princeton, Illinois


Lumry, Rufus (1799 1800–21 June 1862), abolitionist, circuit preacher, and church organizer  

Lumry, Rufus (1799/1800–21 June 1862), abolitionist, circuit preacher, and church organizer, was born in Rensselaerville, New York. He was almost certainly the son of Andrew, a probably illiterate wagon driver whose patrilineal Huguenot ancestral surname was Lamoureux; his mother’s identity is unknown. The family moved to Albany around the time of the War of ...


Scott, Orange (1800-1847), Methodist Episcopal minister and abolitionist  

Paul Merritt Bassett

Scott, Orange (13 February 1800–31 July 1847), Methodist Episcopal minister and abolitionist, was born in Brookfield, Vermont, the son of Samuel Scott, a poor day laborer, and Lucy Whitney. The family moved wherever Scott’s father could find work, in Vermont and in Lower Canada (later Quebec). Because the large family needed what he could earn, young Orange had had only thirteen months of formal education by age twenty-one....


Sunderland, La Roy (1804-1885), Methodist abolitionist and mental theorist  

Chris Padgett

Sunderland, La Roy (22 April 1804–15 May 1885), Methodist abolitionist and mental theorist, was born in Exeter, Rhode Island. Little is known about Sunderland’s parents or early childhood. As a young man Sunderland was apprenticed to a shoemaker in East Greenwich, Rhode Island, but was later enrolled as a student at Day’s Academy in Wrentham, Massachusetts, in 1819....