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Marty, Martin (12 January 1834–19 September 1896), Benedictine monk and missionary, was the son of Jacob Alois Marty, a shoemaker and church sexton, and Elizabeth Reichlin. He was born in Schwyz, Switzerland, and baptized Aloysius. His earliest education was at Jesuit schools in Schwyz and later at Fribourg. When the Jesuits were expelled from Switzerland in 1848, Marty entered a monastic community, the Benedictine College of Einsiedeln, taking the religious name “Martin.” He was professed a monk in 1855 and ordained to the priesthood in 1856....