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Rodríguez-Trías, Helen (7 July 1929–27 Dec. 2001), pediatrician, public health activist, and feminist, was born in New York City, the daughter of Damian Trías, a businessman, and Josefa Rodríguez, a schoolteacher. Her parents relocated to Puerto Rico while she was still an infant, but she returned to New York City in ...

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Spock, Benjamin (02 May 1903–15 March 1998), pediatrician and activist, was born Benjamin McLane Spock in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of Benjamin Ives Spock, an affluent railway lawyer, and Mildred Louise Stoughton Spock. Like his younger brother and four sisters, Spock obtained much of his early education at home under the supervision of his mother. At the age of sixteen, he entered Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, a boarding school for boys, where he placed among the top 5 percent of his class and set a school record in the high jump. He enrolled at Yale University in 1921 and obtained his bachelor's degree in English (with a minor in history) four years later. During his summer vacations, he worked at a home for crippled children in Newington, Connecticut; his experiences there led him to pursue a medical career. As an undergraduate, he rowed on Yale's crew team, nicknamed “Eli,” which won a gold medal for the United States in the 1924 summer Olympics in Paris. He was also inducted as a member of the exclusive secret society Scroll and Key....