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Grube, Bernhard Adam (1715-1808), Moravian missionary  

Donald F. Durnbaugh

Grube, Bernhard Adam (24 June 1715–20 March 1808), Moravian missionary, was born in Walschleben near Erfurt, Thuringia, a German state. His parents’ names are unknown. He studied at the University of Jena and became a minister in the Renewed Moravian church in 1740. Before immigrating to North America, he was pastor of Moravian congregations in the Netherlands and also taught at a seminary in Lindheim....


McNemar, Richard (1770-1839), revivalist minister turned Shaker missionary and author  

David J. Graham-Voelker

McNemar, Richard (20 November 1770–15 September 1839), revivalist minister turned Shaker missionary and author, was born in Tuscarora, Pennsylvania. His parents were farmers. His mother’s maiden name was Knox. From the age of fifteen, he worked as an itinerant schoolteacher throughout South Central Pennsylvania, laboring on his family’s farm between jobs. He moved to Kentucky in 1791 to study languages with Malcolm Worley at Caldwell’s Station and theology with the Reverend Robert Finley at Cane Ridge. In April 1793 he married Jane Luckie; they had seven children. The next spring, McNemar, his wife, and their first child moved to Paint Creek, where he taught for a time before moving back to Cane Ridge to preach. He became minister of the Presbyterian church in Cabin Creek in September 1796 and was ordained in August 1798....


Taylor, William (1821-1902), evangelist and missionary bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church  

Charles Yrigoyen Jr.

Taylor, William (02 May 1821–18 May 1902), evangelist and missionary bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church, was born in Rockbridge County, Virginia, the son of Stuart Taylor, a farmer and tanner, and Martha E. Hickman, a cloth maker. Soon after their marriage, the Taylors joined the Presbyterian church but came under the influence of Methodist preaching and, with William, the first of eleven children, joined the Methodist Episcopal church in 1832. Attending a camp meeting on 28 August 1841, William underwent a transforming religious experience. The following year, while teaching school, he felt a call to enter the ministry and was sent to assist on the Franklin Circuit. A year later he was admitted on trial to the Baltimore Conference and ordained deacon in 1846 and elder in 1847. Between 1843 and 1849 he served pastorates at Deerfield, Fincastle, and Covington, Virginia; Georgetown, D.C.; and North Baltimore, Maryland. In October 1846 he married Annie Kimberlin; they had seven children....


Wharton, Greene Lawrence (1847-1906), Disciples of Christ clergyman and missionary leader in India  

R. William Franklin

Wharton, Greene Lawrence (17 July 1847–04 November 1906), Disciples of Christ clergyman and missionary leader in India, was born in Bloomington, Indiana, the son of Stanfiel Wharton, an itinerant salesman and small farmer, and Ann Esther Berry. Wharton pursued undergraduate studies first at Southern Illinois College in Carbondale, Illinois, and finally received his undergraduate degree from Bethany College in Illinois in 1876. While still a student, he was ordained a minister of the Disciples of Christ church and from 1876 to 1882 was pastor of the Richmond Avenue Church of the Disciples in Buffalo, New York, one of the leading parishes of his denomination....


Zeisberger, David (1721-1808), Moravian missionary  

Gregory Evans Dowd

Zeisberger, David (11 April 1721–17 November 1808), Moravian missionary, was born in Zauchtenthal, Bohemia, the son of David Zeisberger and Rosina (maiden name unknown), freeholders. Followers of the United Brethren (Moravian church), they moved in 1726 to Herrnhut, Saxony; in 1736 the parents went with the Moravians to Georgia. Zeisberger, after a brief indenture, joined them in 1737. The family moved to Pennsylvania in 1740, settling at Bethlehem in 1741. There Zeisberger began his study of American Indian languages in preparation for his vocation as a missionary....


Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig von (1700-1760), Lutheran theologian and count  

Craig D. Atwood

Zinzendorf, Nikolaus Ludwig von (26 May 1700–09 May 1760), Lutheran theologian and count, was born in Dresden, Saxony, the son of George Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf, a privy counselor of the Saxon court, and Charlotte Justine von Gersdorf. Zinzendorf’s father died when Zinzendorf was only six weeks old, and in 1704 his mother married a Prussian field marshal. She left Zinzendorf in the care of her mother, the baroness von Gersdorf, in her castle, “Gross-Hennersdorf.” Philipp Jakob Spener, who in 1675 had inaugurated the Pietist movement with the publication of ...