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Hunter, Clementine ( December 1886?–01 January 1988), folk artist, was born Clemence Reuben at Hidden Hill Plantation near Cloutierville, Louisiana, the daughter of John Reuben and Antoinette Adams, plantation workers. Her exact birth date is unknown. Most sources agree that she was born either in late December 1886 or early January 1887....

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Krummeck, Elsie Caroline (5 Dec. 1913–29 May 1999), artist and industrial designer, was born in Brooklyn, New York to German immigrants Karl Krummeck, a sign painter, and Katharina Friederich, a practical nurse. At a young age she demonstrated exceptional talent as an illustrator, and with encouragement from her parents she enrolled in art classes at Pratt Institute, the Art Students League of New York, and the National Academy Museum and School. Her peripatetic academic training ended with a year of study (...

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Martin, Maria (6 July 1796–27 Dec. 1863), natural history artist, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the youngest of four daughters born to John Jacob Martin, the son of an itinerant lay Lutheran pastor whose patriotism during the Revolutionary War had earned the regard of Carolinians, and Rebecca Martin, a twice-widowed successful businesswoman. Income from her mother’s dressmaking shop and the respectability associated with her grandfather’s reputation gave Maria Martin a privileged childhood. Additionally, because Lutheranism required a literate laity, Maria and her sisters were well-educated....

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Parsons, Betty (31 January 1900–23 July 1982), artist, art dealer and collector, was born Elizabeth Bierne Pierson in New York City, the second daughter of three born to Suzanne Miles, a sugar heiress, and J. Fred Pierson, Jr., a businessman. She described her ancestry as “very American,” with intellectuals and prominent political figures on her father’s side and Southern plantation aristocracy on her mother’s, and her upbringing was typical of her social class. She and her two sisters divided their time between family homes in New York City, Newport, Rhode Island, and Palm Beach, Florida, and were often left in the care of servants by absent parents. Betty (as she was known) was an unremarkable student at Miss Chapin’s School for girls, which she began attending in 1910, and didn’t show a special aptitude for art at this early age....

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Pinney, Eunice Griswold (09 February 1770–12 May 1849), amateur watercolor painter, was born in Simsbury, Connecticut, the daughter of Elisha Griswold and Eunice Viets, farmers. The Viets and Griswold families were prosperous as well as influential in the affairs of the Episcopal church in Simsbury, so Eunice and her siblings enjoyed the advantages of wealth and education. Eunice is said to have been “a woman of uncommonly extensive reading.” ...