1-10 of 10 results  for:

  • music critic x
  • composition x
Clear all

Image

Carlos Chávez Photograph by Carl Van Vechten, 1937. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-103962).

Article

Chávez, Carlos (13 June 1899–02 August 1978), influential Mexican composer/conductor, author, and educator, of Spanish and some Indian descent, was born Carlos Antonio de Padua Chávez y Ramírez in Mexico City, the seventh son of Augustin Chávez, an inventor, and Juvencia Ramírez, a teacher. His mother supported the children after her husband’s death in 1902. Chávez began his musical studies at an early age and studied piano, first with his elder brother Manuel, then with Asunción Parra, and later with composer and pianist Manuel M. Ponce (1910–1914) and pianist and teacher Pedro Luis Ogazón (1915–1920). Chávez credited Ogazón with introducing him to the best classical and Romantic music and with developing his musical taste and technical formation. He received little formal training in composition, concentrating instead on the piano, analysis of musical scores, and orchestration. Chávez’s maternal grandfather was Indian, and from the time Chávez was five or six his family frequently vacationed in the ancient city-state of Tlaxcala, the home of a tribe that opposed the Aztecs. He later visited such diverse Indian centers as Puebla, Jalisco, Nayarit, and Michoacan in pursuit of Indian culture, which proved a significant influence on his early works....

Article

Feather, Leonard (13 September 1914–22 September 1994), jazz writer and jazz and blues promoter, producer, and songwriter, was born Leonard Geoffrey Feather in London, England, the son of Nathan Feather, the owner of a chain of clothing stores, and Felicia Zelinski. Feather described his upbringing thus: “In these upper-middle-class Jewish circles conformity was expected in every area of life.” He studied classical piano and clarinet while teaching himself to play pop songs on piano. At age fifteen, deeply moved by trumpeter ...

Article

Flanagan, William (14 August 1923–01 September 1969), composer and journalist, was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of William Flanagan and Elona (maiden name unknown), both of whom worked for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. As his was a nonmusical family, Flanagan received very little training as a child besides exposure to the scores of ...

Article

Fry, William Henry (10 August 1813–21 December 1864), composer, journalist, and music critic, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of William Fry, publisher of the National Gazette, and Ann Fleeson. Fry began his musical education by listening to his older brother’s piano lessons. He composed an overture while a student at Mount St. Mary’s School in Emmitsburg, Maryland, and afterward studied theory and composition in Philadelphia with Leopold Meignen, a graduate of the Paris Conservatory. Fry was eager to make his musical mark early, and he composed three more overtures before his twentieth birthday....

Article

Mason, Daniel Gregory (20 November 1873–04 December 1953), composer, writer, and teacher, was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, the son of Henry Mason, president and co-founder of Mason and Hamlin Company, and Helen Augusta Palmer. The youngest of four sons, Mason spent an idyllic childhood in a comfortable suburban home so saturated with music that it became for him, as he reflected in his autobiography, “the most vivid thing in the world.” When Mason was twelve he moved with his family to Boston and in 1891 entered Harvard University, graduating in 1895....

Image

Deems Taylor Photograph by Carl Van Vechten, 1932. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LOT 12735, no. 1078 P&P).

Article

Taylor, Deems (22 December 1885–03 July 1966), composer and music critic, was born Joseph Deems Taylor in New York City, the son of Joseph S. Taylor and Katherine Johnson, both schoolteachers. They named “Deems” for Charles F. Deems, founder of the nondenominational Church of the Strangers. Taylor claimed that he was largely self-taught in music. He had, however, learned to read music in primary school, studied piano (albeit for only ten months in 1895), and, from 1897 through 1902, received regular music instruction at New York’s Ethical Culture School, where all students were taught by specialists....

Image

Virgil Thomson Photograph by Carl Van Vechten, 1947. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-42533).

Article

Thomson, Virgil (25 November 1896–02 October 1989), composer and music critic, was born Virgil Garnett Thomson in Kansas City, Missouri, the son of Quincy Alfred Thomson, a postal worker, and Clara May Gaines. In high school he showed an aptitude for both music and writing, especially under the tutelage of Geneve Lichtenwalter, an exceptional pianist pedagogue who aided “the intellectualization of [his] musical life.” After service in the U.S. Army during World War I, having achieved the rank of second lieutenant in Army Aviation, he entered Harvard, where he studied with Archibald T. Davison, Walter R. Spalding, and Edward Burlingame Hill; played organ in various churches; and accompanied the Harvard Glee Club. In this last capacity and with a John Knowles Paine Fellowship, Thomson was able to spend a year (1921–1922) in Paris when he was twenty-five. There, together with other young Americans such as ...