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Boas, Franziska Marie (08 January 1902–22 December 1988), dancer, percussionist, and dance teacher and therapist, was born in New York City, the daughter and youngest of six children of noted anthropologist Franz Boas and Marie Krackowizer. Educated in public schools in Englewood, New Jersey, Boas received a B.A. degree in zoology and chemistry from Barnard College in 1923. Her undergraduate studies also included dance with Bird Larson, with whom she continued to study from time to time after graduation. Other formal study included drawing and sculpture with ...

Article

Chace, Marian (31 October 1896–19 July 1970), dancer and dance therapist, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the daughter of Daniel Chace, a journalist, and Harriet Edgaretta Northrop, a teacher and writer. Chace was encouraged by her parents to attend Pembroke College and did so for one year starting in the fall of 1914. Dissatisfied, she moved with her family to the Washington, D.C., area and went to the Corcoran School of Art in 1915. She hurt her back in a diving accident, making it painful for her to paint or draw. Her physician suggested she take dance classes to strengthen her back and from that time she focused all her attention on dance. This became her “natural means of communication.” Now in her late twenties, she made the decision to attend the Denishawn School of Dance in New York City. She began her studies in the summer of 1923, greatly broadening her learning and developing a philosophy of movement. Chace came to believe that there are infinite ways of moving related to cultural, religious, and philosophical motivation. Her studies of the body and how it functions led to correct body use parallel to sensing that all movement emerges from the center so that, used correctly, the dance emerged with clear structure and integration of the dancer....

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Schoop, Trudi (09 October 1903–14 July 1999), mime and dance and movement therapist, was born Gertrude Schoop in Zurich, Switzerland, the daughter of Friedrich Maximilian Schoop, a newspaper editor and president of Dolder Hotels, and Emma Olga Böppli Schoop, a freethinker who was uninterested in the conventions of the time. All three of Schoop's siblings were artistic. Max became a painter, Paul later wrote the scores for Trudi's dances, and Hedi was a dancer, actress, ceramist, and painter. Their home was always open to artists and intellectuals. Trudi, brought up in this free-wheeling environment, suffered mightily the rigidity of school in Zurich....