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Caldwell, David (22 March 1725–25 August 1824), Presbyterian minister, self-trained physician, and schoolmaster, was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, the son of Andrew Caldwell and Ann Stewart, farmers. At the age of seventeen Caldwell became a carpenter’s apprentice and four years later a journeyman carpenter. At age twenty-five he experienced a religious conversion and a call to the ministry. He studied at the Reverend ...

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Yandell, Lunsford Pitts, Sr. (04 July 1805–04 February 1878), physician and minister, was born in Sumner County, Tennessee, the son of Wilson Yandell, a physician, and Elizabeth Pitts. Yandell attended Bradley Academy in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, and the medical department of Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. Earning a medical degree from the University of Maryland in 1825, he practiced medicine in Murfreesboro and Nashville and in 1831 joined the faculty of Transylvania University as professor of chemistry. Although he had limited training in the field, he apparently elevated chemistry at Transylvania to the “dignity of a science,” and students lauded his “fine style” of teaching. In 1837 he and several colleagues founded the Louisville Medical Institute (forerunner of the University of Louisville School of Medicine), where Yandell taught chemistry, materia medica, and physiology. Proud of the institution he helped create, Yandell once wrote that when he felt “low spirited,” he found “confidence and hope” by surveying the “grand dimensions [and] splendid and graceful proportions” of the magnificent structure that housed the school. He married Susan Juliet Wendel in 1825; four of their thirteen children survived to adulthood....