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Curtis, John Green (29 October 1844–20 September 1913), physiologist, surgeon, and medical educator, was born in New York City, the son of George Curtis, president of the Continental Bank, and Julia B. Bridgham. Curtis attended private schools as a child and received private tutoring to prepare him for Harvard College. He graduated from that institution in 1866 with an A.B. and again in 1869 with an M.A. On 1 April 1869 Bellevue Hospital appointed him junior assistant physician for six months, then senior assistant for six additional months, and finally house surgeon for six months. In 1870 Curtis received his medical degree from the College of Physicians and Surgeons. After graduation from medical school he entered private practice and became a junior partner with Henry B. Sands. Curtis married Martha McCook Davis in 1871....

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Dalton, John Call, Jr. (02 February 1825–12 February 1889), physiologist and medical educator, was born in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, the son of John Call Dalton, a physician, and Julia Ann Spalding. Dalton graduated from Harvard College, his father’s alma mater, in 1844, and he immediately entered Harvard Medical School, from which he earned his M.D. in 1847. During his medical school days, Dalton served as a house apothecary at Massachusetts General Hospital; after graduation, he continued his association with the hospital as a house surgeon....

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Robley Dunglison. Engraving after a daguerreotype. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-98482).

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Dunglison, Robley (04 January 1798–01 April 1869), author, medical educator, and physiologist, was born in Keswick, Cumberland, England, the son of William Dunglison, a wool manufacturer, and Elizabeth Jackson. Dunglison attended Brisco Hill in Cumberland and Green Row Academy, where he obtained facility in Greek and Latin. Later he acquired fluency in French and German and cultivated his gift for writing. The death of a rich uncle thwarted the plan for him to become a planter in the West Indies....

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Hawthorne, Edward William (30 November 1921–07 October 1986), physician, physiologist, and educator, was born near Port Gibson, Mississippi, the son of Edward William Hawthorne, a minister, and Charlotte Bernice Killian, a teacher. As a child, Hawthorne endured a bout with polio at the age of seven and the untimely death of his father. After graduating from Dunbar High School in Washington, D.C., he entered Fisk University and later transferred to Howard University, where he earned a B.S. in biology (1941) and an M.D. (1946). As an intern at Freedmen’s Hospital in 1946–1947, he developed an interest in cardiac research. He went on to earn an M.S. (1949) and Ph.D. (1951), both in physiology, at the University of Illinois, Chicago. In 1948 he married Eula Roberts; they had five children....