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Gardiner, Leon (25 November 1892–05 March 1945), African-American bibliophile, researcher, and photographer, was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the son of Jacob Gardiner and Martha (maiden name unknown). In 1902 he and his family moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. From childhood he was interested in reading, cross-country running, hiking, camping, and bicycling. Later he developed an interest in music, choir singing, and photography. Blatant racial discrimination kept him from attending the photography school of his choice in Philadelphia, to his great disappointment. In the very early 1900s he began to collect material of various kinds concerning the achievements of blacks, black institutions, and lynchings of blacks....

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Moorland, Jesse Edward (10 September 1863–30 April 1940), book collector and religious leader, was born in Coldwater, Ohio, the son of William Edward Mooreland ( sic), a farmer, and his wife Nancy Jane Moore, members of a black family that had been free for several generations. Raised by his maternal grandparents because of his parents’ early deaths, Moorland, an only child, attended Northwestern Normal University in Ada, Ohio, and the theological department of Howard University. In 1886 he married Lucy Corbin Woodson; they had no children. Moorland was ordained to the ministry in the Congregational church in 1891, and became the organizing pastor of a church in South Boston, Virginia, as well as secretary of the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in Washington, D.C. From 1893 to 1896 he was minister of Howard Chapel, Nashville, Tennessee, and then went to Mt. Zion Congregational Church in Cleveland, Ohio....

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Rollins, Philip Ashton (20 January 1869–11 September 1950), author, bibliophile, and philanthropist, was born in Somersworth, New Hampshire, the son of Edward Ashton Rollins, a financier, and Ellen Chapman Hobbs, an author. His father, a Harvard-trained lawyer, was active in Republican politics and served as a high-level Treasury Department official in the ...

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Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso (24 January 1874–10 June 1938), historian, bibliophile, and curator, was born Arturo Alfonso Schomburg in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the son of Mary Joseph, an unwed midwife or laundress who had been born free in 1837 on St. Croix, Virgin Islands. Some sources claim that his father was Carlos Federico Schomburg, a German-born émigré merchant, but in a reply to a questionnaire from ...

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Warden, David Bailie (1772–09 October 1845), diplomat and scholar, was born in Ballycastle, County Down, Ireland, the son of Robert Warden (occupation unknown) and Elizabeth Bailie. He was educated for the Presbyterian ministry and also took some medical training, receiving a certificate in midwifery. He received his master of arts from the University of Glasgow in 1797. He became involved with the United Irishmen through his friendship with Theobald Wolfe Tone and was arrested in 1798. In lieu of trial, Warden was offered banishment from Ireland. He emigrated to the United States in 1799. Instead of pursuing a life as a clergyman, Warden, who had a broad interest in mathematics, science, and literature, went into teaching. He became the principal of the Columbia Academy in Kinderhook, New York, and later, in 1801, became the head tutor in nearby Kingston Academy....

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Weeks, Stephen Beauregard (02 February 1865–03 May 1918), historian, bibliographer, and collector, was born near Nixonton, Pasquotank County, North Carolina, the son of James Elliott Weeks, a planter, and Mary Louisa Mullen. His parents died when he was a small child, and Weeks was raised by his father’s sister and her husband, Robertson Jackson....