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Otto Bettmann Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

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Bettmann, Otto (15 October 1903–01 May 1998), historian and photo archivist, was born in Leipzig, Germany, to Hans Bettmann, an orthopedic surgeon, and his wife, Charlotte Frank. The family was Jewish, and Otto grew up in a highly cultured environment, where he was especially drawn to his father's extensive collection of medical literature. As a child he enjoyed working in the darkroom of the elder Bettmann's clinic, where Hans Bettmann pioneered in the use of X-rays for diagnosis. Young Otto made copies of pictorial images he found in his father's books and collected from free publications offered by German medical firms, and in 1916, for his father's birthday, he presented a pictorial history of medicine that he had created from these images....

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Knight, Lucian Lamar (09 February 1868–19 November 1933), editor, archivist, and historian, was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the son of Confederate general George Walton Knight, a lawyer and cotton merchant, and his second wife, Clara Corinne Daniel, a teacher. Named for Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar...

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Waldo Gifford Leland Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-105695).

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Leland, Waldo Gifford (17 July 1879–19 October 1966), historian and archival theorist, was born in Newton, Massachusetts, the son of Luther Erving Leland and Ellen Maria Gifford, public school teachers. Leland attended Newton High School and Brown University, graduating with a B.A. in sociology in 1900. While at Brown he studied with history professor ...

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Rowland, Dunbar (25 August 1864–01 November 1937), archivist, was born near Oakland in north-central Mississippi, the youngest son of William Brewer Rowland, a physician whose father had brought his family from Virginia to Mississippi in 1840, and Mary Judith Bryan of Yalobusha County, Mississippi, where the couple settled. Rowland had private primary schooling in Memphis, Tennessee, and received high school preparation at Oakland Academy. At age eighteen he matriculated at the new A&M College in Starkville, where he was one of eleven B.S. graduates in 1886. He completed a law degree at the University of Mississippi in 1888 and returned to Memphis to practice law for five years then moved his practice to Coffeeville near Oakland, where his brothers were also settled, in 1893. While practicing law Rowland made a local name for himself as a writer of historical and biographical vignettes for newspapers....