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Dugdale, Richard Louis (1841–23 July 1883), merchant and social scientist, was born in Paris, France, the son of Richard John Dugdale, a manufacturer and journalist, and Anna (maiden name unknown). After Dugdale’s father lost most of his fortune through the upheavals of 1848, the family returned to its native England, immigrated to New York City in 1851, and moved to Indiana in 1858. Richard Louis Dugdale returned to New York City in 1860 and enrolled in night classes at Cooper Union. Though he was first employed as a stenographer, he inherited a small sum of money that enabled him to enter the business of commerce and manufacturing. In turn, financial success freed him to devote his energies to sociological studies....