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Dorothy Day. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-111099).

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Day, Dorothy (08 November 1897–29 November 1980), founder of the Catholic Worker movement and Catholic Worker, a monthly newspaper, founder of the Catholic Worker movement and Catholic Worker, a monthly newspaper, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of John Day, a newspaperman, and Grace Satterlee. Her father was a frustrated novelist and horseracing writer whose work took the family to Oakland and Chicago. While in Chicago, Day won a scholarship to the University of Illinois in 1914. She dropped out after two years to return to New York with her family, but she had become a socialist in college and was soon estranged from her father. She lived on the Lower East Side, where she wrote for the ...

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Doherty, Catherine de Hueck (15 August 1896–14 December 1985), Catholic social activist and author, was born Catherine Federovna Kolyschkine in Nizhni Novgorod (now Gorki), Russia, the daughter of Theodore Kolyschkine, a businessman and diplomat, and Emma Thomson. Catherine’s mother, immersed in the Russian Orthodox faith, taught her to “see the faith of Christ in the poor” while warning her that she was “born under the shadow on the Cross.” Born into Russian nobility, she was educated in a Catholic school in Alexandria, Egypt, from 1903 until 1906, when her father’s career in international business necessitated the relocation of his family. This early sojourn was a portent of things to come, for her wanderings around the world and her interest in Roman Catholicism led to a fervent desire to bridge the gap separating the Eastern and Western branches of Christianity....

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Ward, Maisie (04 January 1889–28 January 1975), Catholic writer, publisher, and social activist, was born in Shanklin, Isle of Wight, England, the daughter of Wilfrid Ward, the editor of the Dublin Review, and Josephine Mary Hope, a novelist. Baptized Mary Josephine, but always known as Maisie, she was a child of Victorian gentry that had Oxford Movement converts on both sides of the family. She grew up in an atmosphere where religion was pervasive; according to her son, Wilfrid Sheed, an essential key to understanding his mother was that her family lived and breathed in a Catholic culture in which being an “ardent, devout Catholic” was “taken for granted.”...