1-6 of 6 results  for:

Clear all

Article

Boyé, Martin Hans (06 December 1812–05 March 1909), chemist and geologist, was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, the son of Mark Boyé, a chemist and superintendent of the Royal Porcelain Manufactory and of a large pharmaceutical firm. His mother’s name is not known. In 1831 Boyé was admitted to the University of Copenhagen, where he passed the philological and philosophical examinations with distinction. In 1832 he entered the Polytechnic School in Copenhagen, where he studied analytical chemistry and physics under Hans Christian Ørsted, William Christoffer Zeise, and Johan Georg Forchhammer; he graduated with honors in 1835....

Article

Day, David Talbot (10 September 1859–15 April 1925), chemist and geologist, was born in East Rockport (now Lakewood), Ohio, the son of Willard Gibson Day, a Swedenborgian minister, and Caroline Cathcart. His family moved to Baltimore, Maryland, a few years later. There is little record of his early life, but he was an exhibitor at the U.S. Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in 1876, at age seventeen. The official catalog of the exposition, however, lists no entry for Day, so the details of his participation are not clear....

Article

Hunt, Thomas Sterry (05 September 1826–12 February 1892), chemist and geologist, was born in Norwich, Connecticut, the son of Peleg Hunt and Jane Elizabeth Sterry, farmers. His early childhood was spent at Poughkeepsie, New York, but on Peleg’s death in 1838, Jane and her six children returned to Norwich, where Sterry Hunt (as he preferred to be known) received his only formal schooling. Obliged to work from the age of thirteen, Hunt had a succession of jobs in a printing works, an apothecary’s shop, and a bookstore, all the while improving himself by reading and attending popular lectures. He was largely self-taught in science. When the Association of American Naturalists and Geologists held its annual meeting at New Haven in 1845, Hunt reported the event for a New York newspaper, including an interview with the chemist ...

Article

Jackson, Charles Thomas (21 June 1805–28 August 1880), chemist and geologist, was born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, the son of Charles Jackson, a merchant and shipbuilder, and Lucy Cotton. Both of Jackson’s parents died when he was thirteen. In his teens Jackson showed an interest in chemistry and, with his friend the young mineralogist Francis Alger, made two excursions, in the summers of 1827 and 1829, to Nova Scotia, where he carried out mineralogical and geological studies. The result was Jackson’s first publication (with Alger), “A Description of the Mineralogy and Geology of a Portion of Nova Scotia” ( ...

Article

Smithson, James (1765–27 June 1829), scientist and philanthropist, was born James Lewis Macie, probably in France, the illegitimate son of Hugh Smithson, later the first Duke of Northumberland, and Elizabeth Hungerford Keate Macie, a wealthy widow from Weston, England. Little is known of Macie's childhood in France. In 1782 he enrolled in Pembroke College, Oxford, where he excelled in chemistry and mineralogy. Two years later, he embarked on his first geological collecting tour, in Scotland and the Hebrides, with a group of distinguished scientists. In 1786 he received an M.A.from Pembroke College and a year later was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, London, its youngest member. He presented his first paper to the society on 7 July 1791, “An Account of Some Chemical Experiments on Tabasheer,” recounting his chemical analyses of this substance found in the hollow of bamboo canes. Thus began a career of scientific research, exacting experimentation, and specimen collecting. In 1800 he was elected to the new Royal Institution of Great Britain, an organization devoted to “diffusing the knowledge and … the application of science to the common purposes of life.”...

Article

Troost, Gerard (15 March 1776–14 August 1850), geologist and chemist, was born in Bois-le-Duc, Netherlands, the son of Everhard Joseph Troost and Anna Cornelia van Haeck. He became a medical doctor through apprenticeship in Leiden and a pharmacist through apprenticeship in Amsterdam, never enrolling in a Dutch college. In the early 1800s he practiced pharmacy in the Netherlands and became well known as a mineral collector. In June 1807 the king of the Netherlands, Louis Napoleon, appointed Troost to create a royal collection of minerals. To perfect his skills, Troost became a pupil of the father of crystallography, the Abbe René Just Haüy, who worked at the Natural History Museum in Paris, where Troost took up residence. For three years he studied and traveled, buying specimens for the royal collection. In early 1810, when the Dutch government was about to fall, Troost assembled letters of introduction from European intellectuals, gathered American mineral specimens that were in Paris for identification, and left for Philadelphia. The move was probably long planned since his younger brother, Benoist, arrived in Philadelphia from Java at the same time....