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Adams, Roger (02 January 1889–06 July 1971), chemist and administrator, was born in Boston, the son of Austin W. Adams, a railroad official, and Lydia Curtis. He was related to the Adams presidential family. He completed the undergraduate course in chemistry at Harvard in three years (A.B., 1909). His Harvard Ph.D. thesis was in three parts, directed by H. A. Torrey, Latham Clark, and ...

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Bolton, Elmer Keiser (23 June 1886–30 July 1968), chemist and industrial research director, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of George Bolton, the owner of a men’s clothing store, and Jane Holt. After attending Philadelphia’s prestigious Central High School and obtaining a B.A. from Bucknell University in 1908, Bolton undertook graduate studies at Harvard University. There, he received an A.M. in 1910 and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry in 1913 under ...

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Hill, Henry Aaron (30 May 1915–17 March 1979), chemist and businessman, was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, the son of William Anthony Hill II, the head waiter at a local hotel, and Kate Anna Evans. Hill attended public elementary and secondary schools in St. Joseph and graduated from Bartlett High School in 1931. After completing his first year of college at Lewis Institute in Chicago (later a part of the Illinois Institute of Technology), he attended Johnson C. Smith University, an all-black institution in Charlotte, North Carolina. He graduated in 1936 with a B.S. cum laude in mathematics and chemistry....

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Ipatieff, Vladimir Nikolaevich (09 November 1867–29 November 1952), chemist and organizer of science, was born in Moscow, Russia, the son of Nikolai Aleksandrovich Ipatieff, a prominent architect, and Anna Dmitrievna Gliky. His mother came from a well-known intellectual family and took an active interest in the education of Vladimir. A mediocre student, Ipatieff graduated from the Mikhail Artillery Academy in 1892. That same year he married Varvara Dmitrievna Ermakova, whom he had known for ten years. They had four children....

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Mees, Charles Edward Kenneth (26 May 1882–15 August 1960), chemist and director of industrial research, was born in Wellingborough, England, the son of Reverend Charles Edward Mees, a Wesleyan minister, and Ellen Jordan. After illness limited his outdoor activity, he did chemistry in a well-equipped home laboratory. He attended public schools and earned a B.Sc. in 1903 and a D.Sc. in 1906 from University College, London, doing doctoral research on the rate of chemical reactions related to photography. In 1909 he married Alice Crisp, with whom he would have two children....

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Tishler, Max (30 October 1906–18 March 1989), chemist and industrial research director, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Samuel Tishler, a Romanian immigrant who left the family when Max was four or five years old, and Anna Gray, a German immigrant. The family was poor, and both mother and children had to work full time. Tishler worked at various places, including a drugstore, where he became interested in pharmacy and chemistry, and earned enough to support himself through graduate school, pay his tuition, and help his mother and younger sister. In high school his interest in chemistry was strengthened by the experiments demonstrated by his instructor, who advised him to go to a college rather than a school of pharmacy. A fellowship and teaching assistantship enabled Tishler to enter Tufts College (now Tufts University) in 1924....

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Whitney, Willis Rodney (22 August 1868–09 January 1958), chemist and research director, was born in Jamestown, New York, the son of John Jay Whitney, the prosperous owner of a furniture manufacturing company, and Agnes Reynolds. Whitney’s childhood in an industrial town in still lightly settled western New York enabled him to mix outdoor pursuits with summer factory work, scientific hobbies, and reading. He learned much natural history, the craft of chairmaking, and the use of the microscope. In 1890 he earned a B.S. in chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where an inspiring teacher, ...