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Hubbs, Carl Leavitt (18 October 1894–30 June 1979), ichthyologist and naturalist, was born in Williams, Arizona. His father, Charles Leavitt Hubbs, who worked as a farmer, a merchant, and a newspaper editor in various western states, was doing placer mining at the time of Hubbs’s birth. Carl’s mother, Elizabeth Goss (Johnson, by way of a brief marriage), was at times a teacher of art. The family settled in San Diego, California, in 1896 until the parents divorced in 1907. Carl then lived with his mother and later also with his stepfather, Frank Newton, in various places in California, graduating from high school in Los Angeles. Carl developed an early interest in natural history, collecting seashells and identifying birds. He later recalled that in high school he had “plunged into nature study with a vengeance.” A teacher in Los Angeles introduced him to the fishes of nearby streams and urged him to attend Stanford University, then the nation’s center of ichthyology. His primary mentor there was Charles Henry Gilbert, who assigned the young man as curator of the university’s large collection of preserved fishes. Also while a student, Hubbs accompanied Stanford zoology professor John Otterbein Snyder on a summer trip in 1915 to the Bonneville Basin in Utah, which led to a lifelong interest in the isolated fishes of the Great Basin. Hubbs had a great admiration for ...