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Boll, Jacob (29 May 1828–29 September 1880), naturalist and geologist, was born at Dieticon, Bremgarten, Canton Aargau, Switzerland, the son of Henry Boll and Magdalena Peier. The family was moderately wealthy, so Jacob was able to attend a Gymnasium, where he soon developed a passion for natural history. Apparently while enrolled there he met ...

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Hayden, Ferdinand Vandeveer (07 September 1828?–22 December 1887), geologist and naturalist, was probably born in Westfield, Massachusetts, the son of Asa Hayden and Melinda Hawley. No reliable record of his birth survives, and because no record of his parents’ marriage exists, it is possible he was born out of wedlock. In his early years Hayden lived in poverty and humiliation. His family migrated from place to place in Massachusetts and New York as his father attempted to earn a living, perhaps as a doctor. Hayden’s father was in jail on at least two occasions. An alcoholic, he embarrassed his entire family until he died in 1857. Hayden and his younger sister and brother grew up trying to avoid him. Melinda Hayden left Asa and went to live in Rochester, New York, around 1838. Before she remarried in 1841, Ferdinand was sent to live with a paternal aunt on her farm in Ohio, where he enjoyed a settled family life for the next five years. Later in his life, Hayden disguised the sordid facts of his upbringing behind an agreeable mythology, which he invented for his colleagues and first biographers....