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Kistiakowsky, George Bogdan (18 November 1900–07 December 1982), chemist and government adviser, was born in Kiev, Russia, the son of Bogdan Kistiakowsky, a professor of legal philosophy at the University of Kiev, and Marie Berenstam. Kistiakowsky attended private schools in Moscow and Kiev. Concluding during the revolution of 1917 that the Bolsheviks were completely authoritarian, he sympathized with the anti-Bolshevik cause and joined the White Russian army during World War I as a soldier in the infantry and the tank corps. After enduring a bout of typhus, he fled from the Red Army on a commandeered ship and spent a year in the Balkans and Turkey....

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Lauritsen, Charles Christian (04 April 1892–13 April 1968), nuclear physicist, rocket designer, and national defense science policy adviser, was born in Holstebro, Denmark, the son of Thomas Lauritsen, a sawmill owner, and Marie Nielsen. Lauritsen graduated with a degree in architecture from the Odense Technical School in 1911. In 1915 he married Sigrid Henriksen, a radiologist; they had one child, ...

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Wiesner, Jerome Bert (30 May 1915–21 October 1994), electrical engineer, presidential adviser, and university president, was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Joseph Wiesner, a shopkeeper, and Ida Freedman. The boy grew up in Dearborn, Michigan, where he attended public schools and took an interest in electrical equipment, even creating a private telephone network with his friends. He entered the University of Michigan in 1933 and as an undergraduate became associate director of the campus radio broadcasting facility. After receiving a B.S. in both electrical engineering and mathematics in 1937 and an M.S. in electrical engineering in 1938, he continued with the radio service and with studies of acoustics. In 1940 he became chief engineer for the Acoustical and Record Laboratory of the Library of Congress. With folklorist Alan Lomax he recorded ethnic music in the southern and southwestern United States. Also in 1940, he married Laya Wainger; they had four children....