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Bayer, Herbert (05 April 1900–30 September 1985), artist, industrial designer, and architect, was born in Haag (near Salzburg), Austria, the son of Maximilian Bayer, a rural government bureaucrat, and Rosa Simmer. Bayer traced his lifetime interests in nature and art to early alpine treks with his father and to watercolor landscape painting encouraged by his mother....

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Feininger, Lyonel Charles Adrian (17 July 1871–13 January 1956), artist, was born in New York City, the son of Karl (sometimes called Charles) Feininger, a violinist and composer, and Elizabeth Cecilia Lutz, a singer and pianist. While attending a public grammar school, Feininger studied violin with his father, giving his first performances at age twelve. Though his father had planned a musical career for him, Feininger showed an early interest in drawing and modern technology. He united these interests in detailed drawings of locomotives, ships, and bicycles. His parents, though apparently dismayed at Feininger’s interest in drawing over music, provided him with art training by Hilda Marshall, a former pupil of ...