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Duchesne, Rose Philippine (29 August 1769–18 November 1852), Catholic missionary, was born in Grenoble, France, the daughter of Pierre-François Duchesne, a noted lawyer and politician, and Rose-Euphrosine Perier, a member of a wealthy textile manufacturing family. From 1781 to 1783 Duchesne received her education in Sainte Marie-d’en-Haut in Grenoble, a convent boarding school of the Visitation nuns. Thereafter, as was a custom in some wealthy French homes, she was tutored at home by a French priest. In 1788 she joined the Visitation convent in Grenoble, at a time when the Duchesnes and Periers of Grenoble were becoming involved in the opening volleys of the French Revolution. Her father in particular had protested the king’s order of cessation that prorogued all provincial parliaments until the formation of new courts. When the French Revolution became violent in 1790, her father withdrew from political life. Two years later a local Grenoble precursor to the Reign of Terror dissolved her religious congregation and forced her to leave the convent. She returned home and did charitable work in and around Grenoble....

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Hayden, Mother Bridget (26 August 1814–23 January 1890), Roman Catholic missionary nun and educator, was born Margaret Hayden in Kilkenny, Ireland, the daughter of Thomas Hayden and Bridget Hart. She and her family emigrated to the United States around 1820, settling in Perryville, Missouri, where her Father worked as a wheelwright. She attended schools at the Barrens near Perryville and at Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Both schools were run by the Sisters of Loretto at the Foot of the Cross, a congregation of Catholic women religious of chiefly American origin. After two of her sisters joined the congregation, Hayden followed their example in 1841, taking the religious name of Sister Mary Bridget. She received her early training at Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, and at the congregation’s mother house in Loretto, Kentucky....

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Marty, Martin (12 January 1834–19 September 1896), Benedictine monk and missionary, was the son of Jacob Alois Marty, a shoemaker and church sexton, and Elizabeth Reichlin. He was born in Schwyz, Switzerland, and baptized Aloysius. His earliest education was at Jesuit schools in Schwyz and later at Fribourg. When the Jesuits were expelled from Switzerland in 1848, Marty entered a monastic community, the Benedictine College of Einsiedeln, taking the religious name “Martin.” He was professed a monk in 1855 and ordained to the priesthood in 1856....