1-10 of 10 results  for:

  • political organizers x
  • Writing and publishing x
Clear all

Image

Francis Preston Blair. Francis Preston Blair and Eliza Violet Gist Blair. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ6-1725).

Article

Blair, Francis Preston (12 April 1791–18 October 1876), newspaper editor and presidential adviser, was born in Abingdon, Virginia, the son of James Blair, a lawyer and, later, attorney general of Kentucky, and Elizabeth Smith; he was usually called Preston. Reared in Frankfort, Kentucky, Blair graduated with honors from Transylvania University in 1811. In 1812 he married Eliza Violet Gist ( ...

Article

Carroll, Anna Ella (29 August 1815–19 February 1894), writer and political lobbyist, was born in Somerset County, Maryland, the daughter of Thomas King Carroll, a plantation owner and, later, governor of Maryland, and Julianna Stevenson, daughter of a prominent Baltimore physician. The eldest of nine children, Carroll received an unusually thorough education from her father, including the subjects of history, geography, philosophy, and law. Although little evidence remains of her life prior to midcentury, Carroll was clearly fascinated by politics at a precocious age, writing at fourteen to her governor father, “It is my principle, as well as that of Lycurgus, to avoid ‘mediums’—that is to say people who are not decidedly one thing or the other. In politics they are the inveterate enemies of the state” (Blackwell, ...

Article

Galt, John (02 May 1779–11 April 1839), author, lobbyist, and businessman, was born in Irvine, Scotland, the son of John Galt, a shipmaster and trader, and Jean Thomson. Galt left school to begin a career as a merchant at about age sixteen (one of his schoolmates was ...

Article

Hughes, Emmet John (26 December 1920–19 September 1982), journalist, author, and government official, was born in Newark, New Jersey, the son of John L. Hughes, a Union County (N.J.) judge, and Grace Freeman. Reared in Summit, New Jersey, he attended Princeton University, where he was a member of Phi Beta Kappa and was graduated ...

Article

Loomis, Francis Butler (27 July 1861–04 August 1948), journalist, diplomat, and foreign trade adviser, was born in Marietta, Ohio, the son of William Butler Loomis, an Ohio state judge, and Harriet Frances Wheeler. Francis Loomis graduated from Marietta College in 1883. After graduation Loomis worked with the ...

Article

Martin, John Bartlow (04 August 1915–03 January 1987), author, political consultant, and speechwriter, was born in Hamilton, Ohio, the son of John Williamson Martin, a carpenter, and Laura Bartlow Martin. When Martin was three years old, his father moved the family to Indianapolis, Indiana, to a home on Brookside Avenue. It was “a mean street in a mean city,” Martin noted in his autobiography (1986). A lifelong Democrat, a party affiliation his son later shared, the elder Martin nevertheless refused to join the Ku Klux Klan, which was a significant social and political force in Indiana during the 1920s. The boy's childhood was unsettled. His brothers both died, and his father's business as a general contractor failed during the Great Depression. His parents divorced but later remarried. Encouraged by his teachers at Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis, Martin found comfort in books and devoured the works of ...

Article

Smith, William Henry (01 December 1833–27 July 1896), journalist and political adviser, was born in Austerlitz, New York, the son of William DeForest Smith, a seller of wagons and carriages and a farmer, and Almira Gott. In 1835 Smith moved with his parents to Homer, Ohio. There he later became the secretary of a branch of the Underground Railroad for runaway slaves, which ran through the southern part of Union County. After graduating from Green Mount Seminary, a Quaker school near Richmond, Indiana, he worked for a year as a tutor....

Article

Sorensen, Theodore Chaikin (8 May 1928–31 Oct. 2010), lawyer, presidential advisor, and speechwriter, was born in Lincoln, Nebraska, to Christian A. Sorensen, a lawyer who also served as attorney general for the state of Nebraska from 1929 to 1933, and Annis Chaikin, a social worker. Christian Sorensen was influenced by the progressive wing of the Republican Party and named his son after President ...

Article

Swank, James Moore (12 July 1832–21 June 1914), newspaper editor, statistician, and lobbyist, was born in Loyalhanna Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, the son of George W. Swank, a local businessman, and Nancy Moore. Swank spent 1849–1850 at Jefferson College, a preparatory school in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, after which he taught school, clerked in his father’s store, read law, and edited a Whig newspaper, the ...