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East, Catherine (15 May 1916–17 Aug. 1996), civil servant and feminist activist, was born Catherine Shipe in Barboursville, West Virginia, the eldest surviving child of Bertha Woody, a former schoolteacher, and Ulysses Grant Shipe, a bank president and construction engineer. (The Shipes’s first child, a boy, died of spinal meningitis before Catherine was born.) She had two younger siblings. The family was moderately well off before the Depression and employed a housekeeper. Her maternal grandmother also lived with them, and she attributed her first feminist leanings to the influence of her mother and grandmother....