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Jasper, John (04 July 1812–30 March 1901), Baptist preacher and orator, was born in Fluvanna County, Virginia, the son of slave parents, Philip Jasper, a slave preacher, and Nina, head servant of the Peachy family. (His father served as a preacher at slave funerals.) John worked as a cart boy accompanying the plantation ox cart and on errands around the Peachy “great house.” In 1825 his master hired him out to Peter McHenry, for whom he worked one year in Richmond before returning to the Peachy plantation. He later labored in the coal mines of Chesterfield County. Jasper’s master sent him to Richmond a third time to work at Samuel Hargrove’s tobacco warehouse. Jasper led a life he later confessed to have been irreligious and riotous. A fellow slave taught him to read and spell....

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Montgomery, Helen Barrett (31 July 1861–19 October 1934), Baptist church leader, civic reformer, and educator, was born in Kingsville, Ohio, the daughter of A. Judson Barrett and Emily Barrows, teachers. Her school years were spent in upstate New York, first in Lowville, then in Rochester. Her father, who she later said was a dominant influence in her life, left his teaching career to attend Rochester Theological Seminary, later assuming the pastorate of the Lake Avenue Baptist Church in Rochester....

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Moulton, Ebenezer (25 December 1709– March 1783), Baptist minister and political activist, was born in Windham, Connecticut, the son of Robert Moulton and Hannah Grove, farmers. He had no formal education. Early in his life he developed an interest in religious work. In 1736 he joined his parents in starting a new Baptist congregation in South Brimfield, Massachusetts, for which he was later ordained a regular Baptist minister (1741). He was ordained to the ministry by John Callendar of Newport, an old-order Baptist, which for the time defined Moulton’s theological position as Five Principle Calvinistic, emphasizing redemption for the elect of God. One of Moulton’s first official actions in South Brimfield was to organize a congregational petition to the Massachusetts General Assembly for exemption from the religious tax....

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Paul, Thomas (03 September 1773–13 April 1831), Baptist minister and African-American community leader, was born in Exeter, New Hampshire. The names of his parents are unknown. Converted and baptized at age sixteen, Paul began preaching when he was about twenty-eight and conducted an itinerant ministry. In 1804 he settled in Boston. He was ordained on 1 May 1805 at Nottingham West, New Hampshire, and later the same year married Catherine Waterhouse. The couple had three children....