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Battle, Cullen Andrews (01 June 1829–08 April 1905), politician and soldier, was born in Powelton, Georgia, the son of Cullen Battle, a wealthy planter, and Jane A. Lamon. He moved with his parents to Irwinton (now Eufaula), Alabama, in 1836. After graduating from the University of Alabama in 1850, he studied law with John G. Shorter, who was later state governor, and was admitted to the bar in 1852. Battle soon entered a partnership with former Alabama chief justice William P. Chilton. The year before his admittance to the bar he married Georgia F. Williams, with whom he had four children....

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Churchill, Thomas James (10 March 1824–14 May 1905), soldier and politician, was born near Louisville in Jefferson County, Kentucky, the son of Samuel Churchill and Abby Oldham, farmers. After graduating from St. Mary’s College in Bardstown in 1844, Churchill attended Transylvania University and studied law. He joined the First Kentucky Mounted Riflemen Regiment as a lieutenant at the beginning of the Mexican War. Enemy cavalrymen captured Churchill in January 1847, and he remained a prisoner in the city of Mexico until the war had almost ended. Churchill purchased a plantation near Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1848 and began raising cotton. In 1849 he married Ann Sevier; they had four children. He received an appointment as postmaster at Little Rock in 1857....

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Alfred H. Colquitt. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-113057).

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Colquitt, Alfred Holt (20 April 1824–26 March 1894), Confederate military officer and politician, was born in Walton County, Georgia, the son of Walter T. Colquitt, an attorney and later a judge, congressman, and U.S. senator, and Nancy Lane. Graduating from Princeton University in 1844, Colquitt studied law and was admitted to the bar in Georgia in 1846....

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Cox, William Ruffin (11 March 1832–26 December 1919), army officer and politician, was born at Scotland Neck, Halifax County, North Carolina, the son of Thomas Cox, a businessman and planter, and Olivia Norfleet. He graduated from Franklin College and studied law at Lebanon College, both in Tennessee. Thereafter he practiced law for some years in that state before returning to North Carolina in 1857 to marry Penelope Battle. The marriage brought a fine plantation in Edgecombe County, where he took up his abode....

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John B. Gordon. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-B8172-2059).

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Gordon, John Brown (06 February 1832–09 January 1904), soldier and politician, was born in Upson County, Georgia, the son of Zachariah Herndon Gordon, a minister, and Malinda Cox. After studies at a private school established by his father, John attended Pleasant Green Academy for a year before entering the University of Georgia in 1850. He did well at Georgia but did not graduate. In 1854 he moved to Atlanta to pursue a legal career. His practice, however, was not as successful as he had hoped, and he decided to explore other fields of employment. After a brief stint as a journalist covering the Georgia General Assembly, he joined his father in a coal-mining venture that quickly prospered. In 1854 he married Fanny Rebecca Haralson, with whom he had six children....

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Gregg, Maxcy (01 August 1814–15 December 1862), secessionist leader and Confederate general, was born in Columbia, South Carolina, the son of James Gregg, a lawyer, and Cornelia Maxcy. He graduated from South Carolina College and practiced law in Columbia. Substantial inherited wealth enabled Gregg to devote himself to political pursuits, which displayed an ardently secessionist flavor, and to genteel artistic and scientific endeavors. He never married. Gregg proposed in 1850 “seizing California and closing the Mississippi.” Furthermore, he argued that his native state should avoid attachment to a southern confederacy, consolidation with such friends being “only not quite so great an evil” as alignment with abolitionist states....

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Hagood, Johnson (21 February 1829–04 January 1898), Confederate soldier and politician, was born in Barnwell County, South Carolina, the son of James O’Hear Hagood, a physician and planter, and Indina Allen. After graduating from the Citadel, the military college of South Carolina, in 1847, he read law with a Charleston judge and was admitted to the bar in 1850. Hagood returned to Barnwell County where, like his father, he combined planting with his profession. In 1851 he was appointed deputy adjutant general of the South Carolina militia and elected county commissioner in equity. In 1856 he married Eloise Brevard Butler, daughter of ...

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Howell, Evan Park (10 December 1839–06 August 1905), newspaper editor, soldier, and public official, was born in Warsaw, Georgia, the son of Clark Howell, a farmer, and Effiah Jane Park. The family moved to Marthasville—which soon was renamed Atlanta—where Howell grew up. He learned telegraphy, completed a two-year course at Georgia Military Institute in Marietta, studied law in Sandersville, Georgia, and enrolled in Lumpkin Law School (which later became the law department of the University of Georgia) in Athens. He was admitted to the bar in 1859 and returned to Sandersville to practice. Howell married Julia A. Erwin in 1861; they had seven children....

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Moïse, Edward Warren (21 May 1832–08 December 1903), soldier and politician, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of Abraham Moïse, a shopkeeper, and Caroline Agnes Moses. Moïse was a Sephardic Jew. His grandparents moved from France to St. Eustatius and then to Haiti, where they became plantation owners. They fled to Charleston during the slave uprisings in the 1790s. Moïse studied in classical academies in Charleston until the age of fifteen, at which time he had to begin work because of family financial problems. While working in the county registry office, he studied law....

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Oates, William Calvin (30 November 1833–09 September 1910), military officer and politician, was born in Pike County, Alabama, the son of William Oates and Sarah Sellers, farmers. His family was impoverished, and Oates attended school intermittently during his childhood. He left home when he was seventeen and fled to Florida, convinced he had killed a man in a brawl....

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Price, Sterling (20 September 1809–29 September 1867), politician and soldier, was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia, the son of Pugh Williamson Price, a planter, and Elizabeth Williamson. He attended Hampden-Sidney College for one year, studied law briefly, and in 1830 accompanied his parents to Missouri, where he prospered as a tobacco planter and merchant in Chariton County. In 1833 he married Martha Head, with whom he had six children. From 1836 to 1838 and from 1840 to 1844 he served in the Missouri General Assembly and was Speaker during the latter term. He then was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1846, following the outbreak of the Mexican War and before he had an opportunity to do anything of note in the House, Price resigned his congressional seat to become colonel of a Missouri regiment assigned to occupation duty in New Mexico. Early in 1847 he suppressed an uprising by the Pueblo Indians and a year later led an expedition into Mexico, which resulted in the capture of the city of Chihuahua and his promotion to the brevet rank of brigadier general. These military achievements made him one of the most prominent and popular men in Missouri and led to his being elected to two terms as governor (1853–1857), after which he returned to planting, engaged in railroad promotion, and in 1860 became state bank commissioner....

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Taliaferro, William Booth (22 December 1822–27 February 1898), lawyer, politician, and soldier, was born in Gloucester County, Virginia, the son of Warren T. Taliaferro, a prominent Eastern Shore attorney, and Frances Booth. After graduating from the College of William and Mary in 1841, Taliaferro attended Harvard then returned to Gloucester County to practice law. Since the age of sixteen Taliaferro had held a commission in the Virginia militia, and in 1847 he applied for and received a commission as captain in the Eleventh U.S. Infantry. As a company commander, he served at the siege of Veracruz and the battles that punctuated the advance on Mexico City. He ended the Mexican War as a major in the Ninth U.S. Infantry. In 1853 he married Sally N. Lyons; they had eight children. Taliaferro was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1850, serving until 1853, and rose to the rank of major general in Virginia state military service. In that capacity, in November 1859, he took command of the Virginia militia at Harpers Ferry after the failure of the raid led by ...