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Barnard, Henry (24 January 1811–05 July 1900), educator and editor, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, the son of Chauncey Barnard, a sea captain and farmer, and Betsey Andrews. Barnard spent his formative years in Connecticut and graduated from Yale in 1830. Immediately after college he taught school in Pennsylvania for a year and loathed it. He then read law and was admitted to the Connecticut bar in 1834; however, he never practiced. During the winter of 1832–1833 he spent three months in Washington, D.C., where he met many of the leading political figures of the day, and then traveled in the South. Still lacking direction, he embarked on a grand tour of Europe in March 1835; the impetus for the trip was his selection as one of the Connecticut delegates to the London international peace congress. While in England he was introduced to a number of the foremost Whig intellectuals, politicians, and reformers; at the time he seemed to be primarily interested in the cause of prison reform. After touring England he spent six months on the Continent before returning home to attend his ailing father....

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Lord, Asa Dearborn (17 June 1816–07 March 1875), teacher, education reformer, and editor, was born in Madrid, New York, the son of Asa Lord, occupation unknown, and Lucretia Dearborn, a teacher. Unlike many men of his era, Lord received formal education in several areas. His early education was provided by his mother. He then attended the local district school and an academy, probably the St. Lawrence Academy in Potsdam, New York. In 1837, while teaching in Willoughby, Ohio, Lord returned to his studies at Western Reserve College in Hudson, Ohio. In 1838 he entered Oberlin as a sophomore and stayed for one year. Lord resumed his teaching duties at Willoughby, remaining in that position until 1839. He later studied medicine there, receiving a medical diploma in 1846. He also studied theology privately and was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Franklin, Ohio. He married Elizabeth W. Russell in 1842; they had no children. She served as an assistant dean at Oberlin and worked with her husband in his many positions....

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Malkiel, Theresa Serber (01 May 1874–17 November 1949), trade union leader, woman suffragist, publicist, and educator, was born in Bar, Russia. In 1891 she emigrated with her parents to the United States.

Soon after her arrival, Theresa Serber became a pioneer in the Jewish workers’ movement and socialist labor agitation in New York City. Employed in the garment industry, she joined the Russian Workingmen’s Club in 1892. In October 1894 she was among a group of seventy women who founded the Infant Cloak Makers Union (ICMU). Although it was a depression year, she and her associates decided not to accept wage cuts and deteriorating labor conditions any longer. Their action was front-page news. Eventually the ICMU became part of the Socialist Trades and Labor Alliance. In 1896, Serber was among the delegates to the first convention of the latter alliance; in 1899, along with many others, she broke with labor leader ...

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McAndrew, William (20 August 1863–28 June 1937), educator and editor, was born in Ypsilanti, Michigan, the son of William McAndrew, a furniture manufacturer, and Helen Walker, an obstetrician and the first female physician in the state of Michigan. His parents, both Scottish immigrants, were active in local reform causes, supporting forums where they hosted such activists as ...

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Packard, Frederick Adolphus (26 September 1794–11 November 1867), editor and Sunday school advocate, was born in Marlboro, Massachusetts, the son of Reverend Asa Packard, a Congregational minister, and Nancy Quincy. Packard graduated from Harvard with honors in 1814, having been prepared at the school of his uncle Hezekiah Packard. He then read law in Northampton, Massachusetts, in 1816 and practiced in Springfield until 1829. In addition to practicing law, Packard was also the editor and owner of the ...

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Rice, Joseph Mayer (20 May 1857–24 June 1934), physician, journal editor, and education critic, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Mayer Rice, a private tutor of languages, and Fanny Sohn. Rice’s parents had emigrated from Bavaria in 1855 and had settled in the German community in Philadelphia. Rice attended public schools in Philadelphia until 1870, when the family moved to New York City. He finished his secondary education in the public school system there and then attended the City College of New York. In 1881 Rice received a degree in medicine from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. After practicing in local hospitals for a three-year period, in 1884 Rice established a successful private practice in pediatrics. During this period he became interested in the physical fitness programs offered by the New York City schools....