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Francis Preston Blair. Francis Preston Blair and Eliza Violet Gist Blair. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ6-1725).


Blair, Francis Preston (12 April 1791–18 October 1876), newspaper editor and presidential adviser, was born in Abingdon, Virginia, the son of James Blair, a lawyer and, later, attorney general of Kentucky, and Elizabeth Smith; he was usually called Preston. Reared in Frankfort, Kentucky, Blair graduated with honors from Transylvania University in 1811. In 1812 he married Eliza Violet Gist ( ...


Swank, James Moore (12 July 1832–21 June 1914), newspaper editor, statistician, and lobbyist, was born in Loyalhanna Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, the son of George W. Swank, a local businessman, and Nancy Moore. Swank spent 1849–1850 at Jefferson College, a preparatory school in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, after which he taught school, clerked in his father’s store, read law, and edited a Whig newspaper, the ...