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Ames, Blanche Ames (18 February 1878–01 March 1969), artist and women's rights activist, artist and women’s rights activist, was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, the daughter of Adelbert Ames, a Civil War general and governor of Mississippi during Reconstruction, and Blanche Butler, whose father was a general and governor of Massachusetts. The younger Blanche graduated from Smith College in 1899 with diplomas from both the College and the School of Art....

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Johnson, Adelaide (26 Sept. 1859–10 Nov. 1955), sculptor and feminist, was born Sarah Adeline Johnson in Plymouth, Illinois to Christopher William Johnson and Margaret Huff Hendrickson. Her father had made a fortune panning for gold in California but lost it in real estate and railroad investments shortly after Adeline was born. The family sold their home at auction and moved to a farm where they raised sheep for wool, which they spun into yarn and cloth. As a young girl Adeline was recognized as a gifted artist with a special talent as a seamstress. From the age of ten she made clothes for her family and for herself, a practice she continued throughout her life. But making homespun clothes on a farm was not the sort of artist Adeline wanted to be. By the time she was sixteen, her parents saved enough money to send her to the St. Louis School of Design. Adeline took top prizes in woodcarving, graduated in ...

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Miller, Elizabeth Smith (20 September 1822–22 May 1911), feminist and designer of the Bloomer costume, was born in Hampton, New York, the daughter of reformer and philanthropist Gerrit Smith and Ann Carroll Fitzhugh. Miller’s grandfather, Peter Smith, a partner of John Jacob Astor...